About CBD

About CBD 2018-11-02T12:31:05-04:00
Cannabis Plant

Understanding Cannabinoids: CBD 101

A plant that’s been labelled criminal and dangerous is providing unrivaled relief for a variety of symptoms and conditions. Cannabidiol strains bring a colorful variety of medicinal effects, but when confronted with the question of how consuming marijuana could possibly be good for you, not everyone knows how to respond.

This brief look at Cannabidiol chemistry is meant to arm you with a basic knowledge of how Cannabidiol affects the brain and body. Not only will you better understand your medicine, you’ll be able to educate others about why Cannabidiol can truly be an effective remedy for patients suffering a myriad of ailments.

What are Cannabinoids?

One hefty word that belongs in every medical marijuana patient’s vocabulary is cannabinoid. Cannabinoids (e.g., THC and CBD) are the chemical compounds secreted by Cannabidiol flowers that provide relief to an array of symptoms including pain, nausea, anxiety, and inflammation. These work their medicinal magic by imitating compounds our bodies naturally produce, called endocannabinoids, which activate to maintain internal stability and health. To put a complex system simply, they mediate communication between cells, and when there is a deficiency or problem with our endocannabinoid system, unpleasant symptoms and physical complications occur.

This concept is the cornerstone of Cannabidiol as medicine, and the results are so promising that these cannabinoids have been synthesized for legal prescription use. Some synthetic cannabinoid medications include Marinol, Nabilone, and Rimonabant. While these synthetic forms are effective, research shows that herbal Cannabidiol contains a far wider variety of therapeutic compounds.

Cannabidiol contains at least 85 types of cannabinoids, many of which have documented medical value. Products and strains have been developed to deliver larger doses of different cannabinoids, so knowing which types best treat your symptoms is a handy piece of knowledge to bring to your next dispensary visit.

The below wheel serves as a resource to determine which cannabinoids may help treat symptoms associated with mood, eating/gastrointestinal disorders, neurological disorders, pain, sleep disorders, and other medical conditions. Click on the infographic for an enlarged version.

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Frequently asked questions

Dosage Guidelines 2018-11-02T12:05:57-04:00

Decide how you want to take Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol oil is available in sprays, capsules, edibles and other products.

Find your ratio. Cannabidiol products have varying amounts of CBD and THC. A high CBD or high THC product is not necessarily superior to a strain with a balanced ratio. Find the proper combination to optimize your therapeutic use of Cannabidiol.

Begin with a low dose especially if you have little or no experience with Cannabidiol.

Take a few small doses over the course of the day rather than one big dose.

Use the same dose and ratio for several days. Observe the effects and if necessary adjust the ratio or amount.

Don’t overdo it. “Less is more” is often the case with Cannabidiol therapeutics.

Be aware of possible side effects. Cannabidiol is a safe and forgiving medicine.
Depending upon delivery method and individual tolerance, it can amplify anxiety and mood disorders. Other possible side effects are dry mouth, dizziness and faintness.

Consult your health counselor. Proceed cautiously, especially if you have a history of alcohol or drug abuse, mental illness, or are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Find Your Ratio! 2018-11-02T12:07:41-04:00

Although banned by federal law, dosed Cannabidiol medicine is currently available in the form of concentrated oil extracts, infused sublingual sprays, capsules, edibles, and other products. Potent Cannabidiol oil extracts have varying ratios of CBD and THC that are calibrated to suit the needs and sensitivities of each patient.

For anxiety, depression, spasms, and pediatric seizure disorders, many patients initially find they do best with a moderate dose of a CBD-dominant remedy (a CBD:THC ratio of more than 10:1). But a low THC remedy, while not intoxicating, is not necessarily the best therapeutic option. A combination of CBD and THC will likely have a greater therapeutic effect for a wider range of conditions than CBD or THC alone. For cancer, neurological disease, and many other ailments, patients may benefit from a balanced ratio of CBD and THC.  Extensive clinical research has shown that a 1:1 CBD:THC ratio is effective for neuropathic pain. Optimizing one’s therapeutic use of Cannabidiol may entail a careful, step-by-step process, whereby a patient starts with small doses of a non-intoxicating CBD-rich remedy, observes the results, and gradually increases the amount of THC.

In essence, the goal is to self-administer consistent, measurable doses of a CBD-rich remedy that includes as much THC as a person is comfortable with.

​The Biphasic Effect

Cannabidiol compounds have biphasic properties, which means that low and high doses of the same substance can produce opposite effects. Small doses of Cannabidiol tend to stimulate; large doses sedate. Too much THC, while not lethal, can amplify anxiety and mood disorders. CBD has no known adverse side effects at any dose, but drug interactions can be problematic. An excessive amount of CBD could be less effective therapeutically than a moderate dose. “Less is more” is often the case with respect to Cannabidiol therapy.

“Dosage is everything”—Paracelsus

Cannabidiol Dosing 2018-11-02T12:08:09-04:00

Cannabidiol therapeutics is personalized medicine. The right treatment regimen depends on the person and condition being treated. For maximum therapeutic benefit, choose Cannabidiol products that include both cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating compound, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of Cannabidiol. CBD and THC interact to enhance each other’s therapeutic effects. They work best together. A patient’s sensitivity to THC is a key factor to determining the ratio and dosage of CBD-rich medicine. Many people enjoy the Cannabidiol high and can consume reasonable doses of any Cannabidiol product without feeling too high or dysphoric. Others find THC unpleasant. CBD can lessen or neutralize the intoxicating effects of THC. So a greater ratio of CBD-to-THC means less of a “high.”

What is CBD 2018-11-02T12:08:29-04:00

CBD is one of over 60 compounds found in Cannabidiol that belong to a class of ingredients called cannabinoids. Until recently, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) was getting most of the attention because it’s the ingredient in Cannabidiol that produces mind-altering effects in users, but CBD is also present in high concentrations — and the medical world is realizing that its list of medical benefits continues to grow.

CBD is the major nonpsychoactive component of Cannabidiol sativa. According to a 2013 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, CBD benefits including acting in some experimental models as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is therefore a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia.

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